"(Luria, 1992) In this stage a child uses speech to control the behavior ofothers. This is called overextension. Once the child’s vocabulary includes 50 words, a sudden spurt occurs. However, they follow a natural progression or timetable for mastering the skills of language. According to Vsgotsky, children who use private speech exhibit improved attention and performance; Vygotsky found private speech was a positive addition to children's development; According to Vygotsky, children use private speech to help with difficult problem-solving. Vygotsky wrote that private speech, which is talking to oneself either out loud or in one's mind, is an important road to cognitive development. At 18 months, the child’s vocabulary begins to grow rapidly. With development, private speech does regulate the preschoolers' behavior. This study compared theoretical predictions of Piaget (1926) and Vygotsky (1962) about the development of children's private speech by extending earlier work of Kohlberg et al. private speech: speech that a child says aloud, but which is not meant to be part of communication with anyone else zone of proximal development: the range of material that a child is ready to learn if proper support and guidance are given from either a peer who understands the material or by an adult Three Stages of Speech Development 1st stage- Social speech (or external speech) "In no way is this speech related to intellect or thinking. I wanted to give you 10 speech therapy ideas to do at home because you, as the parent, are your child’s best teacher. This is called underextension. A 2010 study by Losardo and Botts showed that children improved their literacy skills when the SLP used the following scaffolding hierarchy, from least support to high support: General Non-verbal – looks, gestures, wait time The SLP holds up a picture, points, then looks expectantly at the child. Relations between children’s imaginary companion status and their engagement in private speech during free play were investigated in a socially diverse sample of 5-year-olds (N = 148).Controlling for socioeconomic status, receptive verbal ability, total number of utterances, and duration of observation, there was a main effect of imaginary companion status on type of private speech. Strategies, Studies, & Examples. Children vary in their development of speech and language skills. 93 3-to 5-year olds attending 5 nursery school and day care programs were each observed for 12 10-minute … Piaget (1926) looked at the private speech phenomenon and referred to it as ¡§egocentric speech¡¨, as he believed it was the result of children being cognitively immature . (1968) and Berk & Garvin (1984) focusing on elementary school children downward to preschool children. Private speech f or young children is typically generated after action initiation; speech encodes object's and actions, it does not guide behavior. A checklist of milestones for the normal development of speech and language skills in children from birth to 5 years of age is included below. Similarly, a child might use the word doggie for the family dog and not other dogs. Lurid (1961) stated that the child's overt private speech initially does not serve a self-rc gulating function. For example, they might refer to every animal as ‘doggie’. I am a play therapist (not an SLP), so I work with many speech-delayed children, in conjunction with their speech-language pathologist (birth-age 3) and these activities work great with them in the home, in between therapy sessions. Children whose private speech was largely task-irrelevant engaged in less goal-directed behaviour in the classroom, expressed more negative affect in the classroom, and rated as having poorer social skills and more behaviour problems. Many people have attempted to explain why children use private speech so prominently, and to explain the role that it plays in a child¡¦s development, if any at all. private speech example Young children talk to themselves when they are alone in their beds, to their toys, and to their parents, even when the parents are pushing their strollers and unable to hear them. A child uses speech to express simple thoughts and emotions such ascrying, laughter and shouting. As the two systems become interdependent, a child’s communication can be internalized to become private speech to the self, and this internalization of language is an important component to a child’s cognitive development.